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The best of the Vatican: the Sistine Chapel
04 August 2015

The best of the Vatican: the Sistine Chapel

The Sistine Chapel is the best of the Vatican, is one of his best works with its ancient structure and its history which includes among beautiful decorations fifteenth century, the vault and the Last Judgment.

The History of the Sistine Chapel
Pope Sixtus IV della Rovere pope of Rome from 1471 for 13 years decided to renovate the chapel Magna in order to create a private corner where celebrate the official ceremonies and where he could meet the Conclave for the appointment of new popes.

Pietro Perugino, Sandro Botticelli, Ghirlandaio and Cosimo Rosselli, along with their workshops took care to decorate the walls of the chapel were painted with false curtains and the Stories of Moses and Christ among the portraits of the Popes of Rome.

In 1482 they were included statues and marble decorations to mark the spaces of the Chapel as altars and the choir where he performs the chorus and 15 August of the following year Pope Sixtus IV during the ceremony of consecration of the chapel ritrutturata, thought to dedicate it to Our Lady Assumption.

The Vault of the Sistine Chapel
During the next pontificate of Pope Sixtus IV Michelangelo Buonarroti it was chosen to repair the severe structural problems of the Chapel and the renovation project was thought to a new series of decorations, made at two different times. The time is divided in 4 parts: the sails, plumes, the Sibille and the Prophets and the Stories Central.

  • In 8 sails are depicted figures to represent the ancestors of Christ, and that occupy the outer parts of the time.
  • The plumes occupy the four long sides and tell the stories of the people of Israel and of his salvation.
  • Le Sibille and the Prophets are instead stuck between the sails and are painted on thrones and were chosen to witness the need for humanity to redeem himself.
  • The central stories fill the heart of the vault with nine scenes from Genesis divided into three groups telling the origin of the Universe, of Man and Evil. In the first group we celebrate the creation of the stars and the plants and the only protagonist is the Creator God, in the second the protagonists are the Man and the Woman and the episodes of the third group are dedicated to Noah.

The Last Judgment
It 'a work of Michelangelo in 1536, completed in five years and which occupies the back of the Sistine Chapel. The significance of this beautiful fresco is very deep, is that moment when Christ judges the works of men by placing them in Heaven or in Hell according to their actions by dividing people into two groups: those to be saved and the damned.

The Blue present in the Last Judgement is found are only in Afghanistan, the color most expensive of the Renaissance, the most expensive time that made this unique work.

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