In 1864 the archaeologist Giovanni Battista de Rosa announces the discovery of a glass goblet in the Basilica of St. Lawrence Outside the Walls.
Initially mistaken for an old glass forgotten by some workers, they began to occur several legends about the Sacred Chalice of Christ that appears to have been guarded, always in the Basilica, while all were looking for him in the most diverse in the world.
The Holy Grail is the cup from which Jesus and his disciples would have drunk at the last supper and the cup that collected his blood during the crucifixion. I was in the Middle Ages many people think that this cup was full of magical powers and was able to give eternal life.
Tradition says that the deacon Lawrence, who later became a saint, received as a gift from Pope Sixtus II, 258 p.C.n in the treasures of the Catholic Church and her relics, only much later, gave a soldier. This hypothesis seems to be proved by the archaeologist Barbagallo many frescoes and mosaics, one of which is situated directly on the tomb placed in the space of the apse of the Basilica of St. Lawrence Outside the Walls, where it guarded the Holy Grail.
The Basilica of St. Lawrence Outside the Walls
The basilica built by the Emperor Constantine in the fourth century AD to accommodate the pilgrims who wanted to pay homage to the martyr Lorenzo, the victim of religious persecution, has a characteristic early Christian architecture.
The circular structure in three naves separated by columns, has nearby a small basilica dedicated to the Virgin Mary. World War II with its bombings led to the destruction of the church and its beautiful frescoes, shortly after he began his reconstruction with one hand with its own debris.